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Thracian Museum of Education

A museum for education and training

The Museum of Education of the Society of Pedagogical Sciences of Komotini is a pioneering institution with extensions worldwide.

It was founded in 1992 on the initiative of Alexandros Ch. Kazantzis, Teacher – Lawyer and President of the Komotini Society of Pedagogical Sciences and covers a museum gap in the field of education in contrast to the multitude of museum presence of other cultural sectors and eras. The Historic 5th Kindergarten of Komotini was granted by the Municipality of Komotini for its housing.

The purpose of the establishment of the Thracian Museum of Education, as mentioned in a presentation document of the president and founder of the Society of Pedagogical Sciences of Komotini Mr. Alexandros Kazantzis, is the collection of all scattered material, publications, and school supplies, which has historical significance but also wider Greek area, which originates from ancient times until today and presents the historicity of this place. Its completion will be an expression of cultural heritage and a place of knowledge and research for every scientist and interested party.

The building granted by the Municipality of Komotini was erected in 1882 by the benefactor Hadjikonstantis Zoidis and his wife, “Epiroton”, as it is written on the built-in marble slab together with the characteristic inscription “Kindergarten”. It is located in the precinct of the Holy Temple of Agios Georgios Komotini. It was used as a kindergarten, hosted for many years due to housing needs the 5th Elementary School of Komotini, then the 5th Kindergarten of Komotini until November 6, 1995, and today is invited to continue its offer as a Museum under the title of Thracian Museum of Education. . It has two floors and its entire layout allows the installation of a library on the ground floor and museum material on the first floor.

The rescue of educational material that was used in different eras and today tends to disappear, especially in the Thracian area and beyond, is a serious cultural expression for future generations.

The museum

On the first floor of the magnificently preserved two-storey building there is a library, and on the second floor, the exhibition space with objects. Reading the guest book, one notices the emotion that surrounds the visitors, seeing school-age objects engraved in their minds. The museum’s exhibits include objects from the 17th and 18th centuries, as well as photographic material. You will see the old blackboard (familiar to the older students !!!), the wooden chair of the teacher, but also objects from the student meals. Student aprons, the owl hat worn by the boys, old desks, sacks and many other school items worth getting to know are among the museum exhibits.

Address: 25 Agiou Georgiou, 691 00, Komotini
Responsible: Mr. Alexandros Kazantzis Opening
hours: 10:00 – 14:00
Admission: Eleftheri
Tel. – fax: 25310.36.739 25310.26.009
email: mailto: epek@otenet.gr
Source: Hotelsline.gr

“We found an unknown life”, insists a Russian scientist

He denies members of his research team talking about contaminated samples

Saint Petersburg


A few days ago, the Russian delegation to Antarctica, which collected samples from the underground lake Vostok, announced that it had identified some unknown bacterial life forms whose DNA we have not encountered again on Earth.

Shortly after 24 hours there was a refutation by members of the research team who spoke of misjudgment and contaminated samples.

Now Sergei Bulat, a researcher at the Institute of Nuclear Physics

However, other scientists and especially experts doing similar research in Antarctic subterranean lakes claim that, from the available evidence, it is clear that the samples from Vostok became infected during the drilling process. St. Petersburg University and member of the research team returns and insists the discovery is valid. “We are convinced that we have found germs whose existence we did not know until today,” Bulat told the Nature Review.

Source: The Step Science link

A new mantle of invisibility “disappears” objects

A new very thin layer of invisibility “disappears” 3D objects from the microwave.

A new and more advanced mantle of invisibility in the field of microwaves has been presented by American researchers, making another step forward in a cutting-edge scientific and technological field, which has undergone significant developments in recent years. Modern Harry Potter-style wizards are now increasingly erasing various objects in different parts of the electromagnetic spectrum, in visible light and beyond.

The researchers, led by Professor Andrea Alou of the University of Texas, who published the study in the New Journal of Physics, used a very thin layer of material, called a “metal meta-screen,” to create a mantle. thickness of a few micrometers (millionths of a meter). The mantle can completely hide in the natural environment three-dimensional objects from the microwave, in all directions and from all possible angles of observers.

Usually the invisible mantles so far have the disadvantage of being relatively bulky, but the new creation is too thin. The “meta-screen” is created by attaching strips of copper sheet just 66 microns thick, on a flexible polycarbonate film 100 microns thick.

With this material as a mantle, the researchers coated and “disappeared” a cylindrical rod 18 cm long from the microwave. The mantle was most effective when the incident microwaves had a frequency of 3.6 Ghz. Scientists believe that their cloak is easy to use and can hide a variety of objects with strange and asymmetrical shapes.

Objects are detected either by our eyes at the visible / optical wavelength of the electromagnetic spectrum, or by other devices at non-optical / visible wavelengths, when the waves (light, X-rays, microwaves, infrared, sounds, etc.) reflected from the surface of objects. The basic technique of invisible mantles so far is the use of special “metamaterials” that deflect, curve or absorb light or other wave around the object, so that it is no longer reflected from the surface. In this way, the object is as if it does not exist for an observer or a detection device.

Last year, the same research team was the first to successfully eradicate a three-dimensional object using a new type – but more voluminous – “plasmon mantle”.

The next step, as Alou announced, will be, after the appropriate modifications, to use the new metal “meta-screen” to eliminate objects no longer from the microwave, but from the visible light, that is, from the human eyes. He even expressed the hope that the “post-screens” will prove to be easier and able to hide three-dimensional objects from visible light compared to other larger mantles.

Source: The Daily

After all this you still write Greeklish!

The destructive fashion of the day which is not at all innocent as in the coming years it will surely have destroyed much of our unique culture. Unfortunately, the majority considers the issue non-dangerous and continues to support it if it does not understand its importance.

At the same time that in other parts of the world the Ancient Greek language is considered the basis and future of computers and its place in the best universities in the world is being voted on, the youth (mainly) of Greece insists…. Greeklish-τικα! The percentage of graduates of higher education schools (universities and technical institutes) that use Greeklish is not only quite large, it is also unacceptable.

It is not possible for a high school graduate – whatever it is – to use Greeklish and replace it with his native Greek and the universal English language.

If you want to be considered and called a “scientist” you must first learn to write correctly in your native language as well as in the official international language. Otherwise your degree is not worth framing either. Greek inscriptions appear in many universities around the world as well as in museums.

A few examples are:

1) The symbol of Boston College of Massachusetts – “αἰὲν ἀριστεύειν… καὶ ὑπείροχον ἔμμεναι ἄλλων, μηδέ γένος πατέρων άσχυνέμεν…” (Ιλιάς Ζ ‘, στ. 208). (Always excel… and be superior to others, and do not shame the generation of your ancestors…).

diploun orwsin oi ma8ontes grammata

2) LESSONS DOUBLE TERMS ” LETTERS ” Those who know letters see twice “. At the entrance to the secretariat of the University of Edinburgh.



«Μέντης Ἀγχιάλοιο δαίφρονος εὔχομαι εἶναι υἱός, ​​ἀτὰρ Ταφίοισι φιληρέτμοισιν ἀνάσσω. Νῦν δ ‘ὧδε ξὺν νηὶ κατήλυθονἠδ’ ἑτάροισιν πλέων ἐπὶ οἴνοπα πόντον ἐπ ‘ἀλλοθρόους ἀνθρώπους, ἐς Τεμέσην μετὰ χαλκόν, ἄγω δ’ αἴθωνα σίδηρον. ” (Odyssey, Α.180-184) “I have arrived here with my companions on my ship, I travel to a place in a foreign language, Temesa, to the ocean of wine, to give iron, copper to take back.” Inscription on the Eiserner Steg bridge in Frankfurt, Germany.

Alexandria Egypt Tolls

4) Tolls outside Alexandria, Egypt to Cairo with the inscription “ALEXANDRIA”.

The inscription of the city in Greek was a demand of the mayors of the region of Alexandria in honor of Alexander the Great.

For the subject of the ” Hellenic Quest ” that was advertised as a system where ancient Greek will be the basis of computers, there were some serious and based on doubts. The whole text was not based on truths but this does not mean that the Greek language is not important. Especially that the letters correspond to numbers is documented by Pythagoras to the most important analysts and scientists worldwide.

It is a gift from God to be able to speak this language from the day we are born. And of course we can learn other foreign languages ​​much more easily than other peoples.

After all – do you still write Greeklish?

Published in the newspaper “Argolic Development” (Greece) on 30/5/2013 No. F. 661

Source: axortagos.gr

Cheesecake, a Greek dessert!

Cheesecake is a very popular dessert in almost every modern world. Many people think that the sweet has its origins in New York but in fact it is a sweet whose roots go far back and specifically 4000 years ago, in ancient Greece!

The first dessert with cheese was made in Samos. Natural anthropologists have discovered in their excavations cheese molds dating back to 2000 BC.

In ancient Greece in 776 BC. served sweet cheese to athletes before the Olympics as a rich source of energy. It was a dessert that was probably closer to today’s cheese pies but in the form of a cake, fluffy and with volume. It was also a popular choice of wedding cake.

The Greeks may have eaten this sweet for more than 2000 years, but the oldest written recipe for “cheesecake” dates back to 230 BC. and is attributed to the author Athenian who imprinted it in one of his books.

Sweet came slowly closer to its present form after the 17 the century, which began to be used instead of egg yeast as a leavening agent for pastry and bread. Nowadays, the recipes are more complicated as the technology has advanced a lot both for the devices and for the ingredients and the recipes themselves.

The effect of the Internet on the brain

Never in history has a means of communication had such a far-reaching effect on our thoughts as the Internet today. A recent study by University College London shows that we are moving towards a broader change in the way we read and think.

The internet has now become the universal means of communication, the global channel of unthinkable until recently information, which with a few “clicks” reaches our eyes and ears and from there to our brain. Who can question the benefits of instant access to such a wealth of knowledge – and who doubts that the crowning achievement of this process is the now famous Google search engine?

But it is becoming increasingly clear that all this “gift” comes at a price. As Marshall McLuhan, a leading media theorist, has observed since the 1960s, when the Network did not exist, the media are not just passive information channels, providing material for thinking in the form of information, but shape the very process of thought. And this is exactly what the Internet already seems to be doing: it undermines our ability to concentrate, think deeply and meditate. The mind is addicted to convenience: it knows that it will find whatever it wants on the internet. Once our minds were immersed in an ocean of words, now “jet skiing” on the surface of the water!

Many people have the same experience: the more they use the Internet, the more they have to struggle to stay focused on their thoughts or long written texts. The more you engage with blogs, either writing or just reading them, the more often it becomes difficult to read books. The ability to read and understand books or major articles in magazines is undermined by the Internet invisibly. The mind becomes addicted to fishing and reading small pieces of its choice from the Internet and slowly loses the patience and concentration to read something bigger and concentrate on it.

Although the results of long-term neurological and psychological experiments are expected to give us a clear picture of the impact of the Internet on the cognitive capacity of the mind, a recent University College London (UCL) study already finds that we are probably in the middle of a broad in the way we read and think. The five-year study found that Internet users tend to jump from site to site (website) chasing sources of information and rarely return to a source they have already visited. They usually read a maximum of one or two pages of an article and move like butterflies to another web page. Sometimes they “save” a larger article or book on their computer, but it is doubtful whether they ever read it.

According to the UCL study , people seem to want to avoid reading anymore, so they choose, instead, to “search” on the Internet for titles, content, summaries, etc. The paradox is that if one adds the writing Mobile phone messages, people in our time seem to read more in the end than in the 70s and 80s, but it is another type of reading – more superficial, more selective, more partial. Behind this development lies a different way of thinking – maybe even a sense of self.

“Other connections of neurons, another sense of ourselves

According to psychologist Marian Wolf of Tufts University in the United States , the new ala-Google reading style, which puts speed and efficiency above all else, weakens the human capacity for “deep” reading, which was better suited to the previous electronic technology of the printing machine. When we read online, he argues, we simply become “information decoders”, without having the same mental capacity for in-depth text interpretations, mental abstractions, correlations, etc.

According to Wolf, reading is not an instinctive ability of humans and is not integrated into our genes, as is the case with speech. New technologies and new means of reading and learning (eg Google) play an important role in shaping the neural circuits in our brain. Experiments have shown that reading ideograms by the Chinese activates other brain circuits than reading languages ​​that use the alphabet.

This differentiation involves circuits in very different areas of the brain that are associated with critical functions, such as memory or the interpretation of audiovisual stimuli. “So we can expect that the brain circuits activated by the growing use of the Internet will be different from those that have been activated for hundreds of years by reading books and other publications.

The human brain is infinitely “forged”. Until recently, people believed that by adulthood the dense network of about 100 billion neurons in our brain was now definitively “arranged”. Recent brain research, however, has shown other things. According to James Olds, a professor of neuroscience at George Mason University in the United States, the adult mind continues to be “very malleable.” Nerve cells constantly break their old connections, forming new ones. “Thus,” he emphasizes, “the brain has the ability to reprogram itself in the moment, changing the way it works.”

No wonder, then, that as we use new “mental technologies” (eg the Internet), as sociologist Daniel Bell calls them, the tools that extend our mental despite our physical abilities, we inevitably begin to assimilate into the mind. our properties and qualities of these new technologies. The way we “see” our mind changes over time with the evolution of technology. Earlier, in the age of the mechanical watch, we used to say that our mind “works like a clock”, now we say that “it works like a computer”.

Thanks to the plasticity of our brain neurons, adaptation is not only verbal or psychological, but goes deeper into a biological level. Today the Internet is slowly absorbing the other media: it becomes our map, our clock, our printing machine, our typewriter, our computer for our arithmetic operations, our telephone, our television and our radio. But this unification of so many different media and their messages brings, among other things (good and bad), a distraction and a diffusion of our concentration. Traditional media also adapt to the same logic: newspapers and magazines now have smaller articles, while inserting “boxes” with summary of articles to make them easier and faster to read.

The perfect machine and the challenge of artificial intelligence

Never in history has a communication medium played so many roles in our lives at the same time and has not had such a wide-ranging effect on our thoughts as the Internet today. It essentially reprograms us. The “heart” of the Internet, Google, is searching for more and more perfect algorithms to efficiently search and distribute information to each of us, doing the work of our minds – and even better sometimes. The company’s mission is to “organize the global information and make it universally accessible and useful”, developing the “perfect search engine, which will understand exactly what you mean and will give you exactly what you want”.

According to Google logic, information is a kind of commodity, a useful raw material, which can be “mined” and processed with industrial efficiency. Based on this reasoning, the more information we have access to and the faster we process it, the more productive we think.

What is the limit of this logic? Sergey Brin and Larry Page, who founded the company while still graduate students at Stanford University in California, have stressed that they dream of turning Google into an all-powerful artificial intelligence engine that can connect directly to us! “The ultimate search engine is as smart as humans – or even smarter,” they say, adding that “if your brain were connected to all the information in the world or to an artificial brain smarter than your own, you would be better off.” ».

But the notion that “we would be better off” if our brains were supplemented or even replaced by artificial intelligence is worrying. It presupposes that intelligence is a mechanical process, a series of discrete steps that can be isolated, measured, and optimized. So in the online world of Google there is little room for reflection and meditation. The human brain becomes like an obsolete computer that needs a faster processor and a larger hard drive.

There is a serious economic dimension to this. The whole commercial internet is “built” around essentially the same business model: the faster we “surf” the Internet, the more clicks we make on websites, the more opportunities companies have to gather information about us and offer it online advertisements. The last thing companies want is to encourage slow reading and focused thinking. Multiplicity is in their best interest. Deep reading, according to psychologist Marian Wolf, is tantamount to deep thinking – and rather counter-consuming…

On the other hand, of course, it is not inappropriate to criticize Internet critics as young Luddites (who broke the machines at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution) and as nostalgic for the past. It is not excluded from the hyperactive, inflated with information, our minds to spring up a golden age of intellectual discoveries and universal wisdom.

Source: Telecoms news.gr

The Words… (By Eleni Choreanthi)

We caught the following article here , on the blog of the “Ermoupolis Reading Club” of the Municipal Library.

By Eleni Choreanthi .

The words are feminine. And, of course, they follow the fate of females and suffer the consequences of the gender to which they belong: they are pressured, oppressed, raped and violated, ridiculed, challenged, dragged, held captive by the courts, in courts and dragged publicly, deported, they are explained and misunderstood, they walk in the seasons and coexist with the spirit and the requirements of the times, they change their emblem, they are etymologized and para-etymologized, they are put and changed externally, sometimes internally, and in terms of their functionality, they suffer, suffer and ache!

As a useful means of expression they are marketable and exploitable. They are used by information and misinformation, the circulation of ideas and propaganda. In the process, they wear out, corrupt and are ruthlessly abused, but they resist and survive.

Language is a living organism that is constantly evolving and renewing. And words are alive and are subject to biological laws like all organisms: they are born, they grow up sometimes, they live their childhood and adolescence, they experience situations and times and they survive, in spite of all persecutions, in all ages. Words have endurance. They grow old sometimes, but they do not die, they take on a different meaning or they change course. They also fall into the abyss of corruption, are inactivated, replaced, expelled, become inactive. Juvenile or adult opportunists are tried in courts, often in absentia, and convicted. They are adjusted, depending on the circumstances, they are adjusted according to the orders of fashion, politics and our choices.

They are patient, resilient, maneuverable, evolving, changing clothing, form, meaning, and even content, and sometimes emptying themselves of their importance. Thoughts, excerpts, quotations are made, composing meanings, distributions, slogans, para-slogans, codes and constitutions, decrees, treaties, laws, legislations.

The words are magical. With them things are expressed, our world takes shape, things are named, dreams are articulated and become visions and panoramas, poetry, counterfeiting, advertising, insults are evidenced with the same words, trials, convictions, reports, differences, corruption, reports , transport.

In terms of their functionality, words are blessed or cursed. They compose wishes and prayers, vows, love songs, stories. But they are also prone to corruption, vulgar in the mouths of vulgar, marketable, accordingly, but also eminent. They are glossy, transparent, discreet, social. You meet them in receptions, in lounges and in churches, in schools. Elsewhere, brazen, bold, as in cafes and ships, at train stations, and impulsive in stadiums, kitchens and taverns, on the streets, in insane asylums and brothels.

When they are clearly upright, flexible or vague, twisted, insane, important or meaningful, modest, distorting reality or distorted, differentiated, sad, crushed in inversions, in the intercourse of poets, priests and poets, , nationalists, patriots, merchants and negotiators. The words are feminine, they are harsh and they know how to punish, to take revenge, to kill. They are immortal. They loaf in the ashes of the peoples, they meditate and brave and to make them pure again, they make new, bright ones. They are armed with new momentum and new worlds are resurrected.

Source: diastixo.gr October 2, 2012

The adventures of words

Have you ever considered the journeys and journeys that words make over the centuries? They travel from one culture to another, from one country to another, from one people to another. Merchants, intellectuals, books, media, etc. are the vehicles that convey the words. Along the way, the meaning of the words often changes, is enriched, interpreted in a different way or misinterpreted, adapted to new situations, serves new needs. The routes are two-way, never in one direction.

For example: We often hear that the Greek language has borrowed thousands of words in other languages, mainly through Latin. Let’s watch a video from Spain, where teachers and students of ancient Greek express their gratitude for the words, letters and arts inherited from ancient Greek culture, not only in Spain but throughout Europe.

Thank you Greece!

On the other hand, there are thousands of words in the Greek vocabulary that we have borrowed, both from the languages ​​of the peoples with whom we live or have come in contact in the past (Turks, Slavs, Albanians, Arabs), and from English, the international language of the times. us.

Exercises: words from foreign languages ​​in Greek

img1A third case of λέ well-traveled words are counter-loans, ie words that were born in a language and return to it as a loan. But let us read the article by G. Babiniotis from the newspaper “To Vima”, which explains the term with interesting examples.

Vocabulary “Nosti” PUBLISHED: 13/09/2009 06:49

By G. Babiniotis

“Nostos”, the return to the homeland (from the verb neomai “I return”), not only characterized “the sweet anticipation of returning home” that ended in delicious, but also gave “the mental pain that this anticipation gives birth to”, nostalgia. In fact, it was the French who resorted to Greek lexical sources, being the first to create the pain of hunger, nostalgia. Thus, in another way, the word returned to its “lexical homeland”.

The return of a word as a loan in the language from which it originated is characterized as a counter-loan, as a loan repayment, as a return of a word in the language in which it was born. One of the most revealing processes of the operation of language in the meeting place of peoples and cultures is counter-loans. They are testimonies of adventure in the life of words and together examples of how these pre-eminently spiritual creations, which are the words, evolve conceptually passing from language to language, from people to people, to often return to their place of origin thus performing the “lexical νόστο »τους.

Who waited e.g. that the most meticulous meaning of the ancient Greek word grammar would return after centuries to the modern Greek language as glamor! With the usual Latin language bridge, the word passed from Greek to Old French and from there to Old English, where the original meaning “grammar”, as knowledge of the few educated, took the character of “occult knowledge” and, consequently, “Of magic”, to evolve through Scotland (glammar) to the meaning of “magical beauty” (19th century) and then – in the form of glamor – to “charm, glamor” with which it returned to Greek.

Another interesting development was the ancient Greek word penalty. Through Latin and Old Norman again, the Greek penalty ended up in the English penalty, to return (as a counter-loan) to the Greek as a penalty, a term in football!

Didn’t anyone “cut off his head” that the very Italian dish can not be related to Greek? Well, the square started from the (already ancient) Greek square (ie street), female. of the adjective broad, through Latin. platea (“wide road” in the city), passed in Italian as piazza (originally plaza), from where already in the medieval years it returned to Greek as a square.

The surprise culminates in the origin of the gondola ave. I translate what is written about it in the most authoritative English dictionary, in the Random House Webster΄s College Dictionary, gondola entry: boat », fem. του επιθ. κόντουρος «κοντός, κυριολ. boat with a tail “from the late Greek short + Greek. -ouros from Greek. tail “. Boat, then, with a short tail, the Italian. gondola (gondola) returned to Greek as a gondola!

And because it does not mean summer without the most French plage (French plage), let’s watch the etymology of the word. It came from the French. plage, loan from ital. piaggia “slope-beach”, derived from medieval Latin plagia “sloping ground”, which dates back to arch. Greek. sideways (the), “sides” (mainly military term), no. του επιθ. lateral.

And of course it does not mean summer without tourism and tours (I called the tours and tournaments). But how well known to non-experts that all these French words (tour, tourisme, tourn e, tournoi) that passed into Greek (in English and other languages) are a product of borrowing from Greek. word lathe. This ancient Greek. word, through Latin again (tornus and r. tornare “I turn the wheel, the lathe”), gave the French. tourner “I turn, I turn” from where the tour. So the lathe returned to Elliniki as a tour.

The list of such words (counter-loans) is long and the commentary would take many pages. Here I will give only a few hints. I will mention that the calf and the ham started from the Greek. turn! The carnation from the nut leaf, the turnover from the round, the solid from the mass, the callus from the comb, the sofa from the cone, the cannon from the barrel, the canteen from the thorn, the cord from the string , the coupon from kolafos (kolafos – late Latin colaphus- Old French colp – coup), the cretin from Christianos, the lasagna from arch. lasagna (“tripod as the base of vessels and vessels”), the lantern from the lamp, the almond from the almond, the jam from the honeysuckle, the gunpowder from the pyrite, the rain and the hail from the north, the ballet – ball from the arch. ball, the box from the compass (“box”), the boutique from the warehouse, unionism by the unionist, the taxi by the taximeter, the script by the stage, the pose by the pause, etc. These are just a few examples.

Because there is a danger of thinking that these are “made etymologies” (paretymologies) according to the model of the Greek father of Vardalos in “Marriage in Greek”!… -, I hasten to clarify that the examples come from the field of scientific etymology and are in all reliable etymological dictionaries or interpretive dictionaries with etymology. For words related to English, a cursory glance at the Dictionary I mentioned (Random House-Webster) or other related Dictionaries will convince the reader of the truth of what is being said.

Mr. George Babiniotis is Professor of Linguistics, President of the Hellenic Foundation for Culture, former Rector of the University of Athens.

Εφ. The step

Source: gym-elliniko.blogspot.gr